Talking Tuna with the UN

by Mialy Andriamahefazafy,Environmental Policy Specialist, Madagascar

Tuna management has always been a major focus for our policy work, even though it may seem like a small piece of the puzzle within our very successful community-based fishery management programme. However, we recently collaborated closely with the University of British Columbia to publish a study on the European Union fishery access agreement with Madagascar, and we were proudly recognised as one of the few NGOs in Madagascar working on tuna. Since 2011, with the support of WWF, we have shifted our focus from Madagascar’s tuna fishery, to include that of the entire western Indian Ocean (WIO). We have done this by helping set up and manage a regional forum on tuna management for civil society organisations and private sector representatives.

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quick chat at SWIOFC (from lef to right) BV – WWF – CANCO – WCS

As vice chair of the forum, we were invited along with other NGOs as observers of the first meeting of the working party on tuna collaboration and cooperation hosted by the South West Indian Ocean Fishery Commission (SWIOFC), a commission of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. The working party included delegates from Tanzania, Mozambique, Madagascar, Kenya, Comoros, La Réunion and Seychelles. Countries were brought together over three days to share their work on tuna management, with a special emphasis and discussion on the tuna quota allocation system within the WIO.

On the first day we were able to share BV’ policy efforts on tuna. We spoke specifically about our work on fishery partnership agreements, particularly with the EU, and it was impressive to hear from other experts working towards the same goals. After the presentation other coastal countries wanted to know more about our experience with the EU. Surprisingly, we received almost the same reluctant response from an EU member attending the meeting that we received after the publication of our paper on access agreements.

BV' seat at the meeting

BV’ seat at the meeting

 

On the following days, all of which were very interesting, we were able to analyse the different proposals for tuna quota allocation systems that came from the EU, Seychelles, Iran, Japan, Sri Lanka and Mozambique. During the discussions we became quite familiar with the proposals and were able to witness the each country’s position. Most of the proposals presented principles on the potential total allowable catch that should be granted to countries. The Seychelles’ proposal was the one that received the most attention and to which most countries expressed their support for its principles. Indeed, the Seychelles proposal presented a precise formula for allocation that takes into consideration not only the historical catch of tuna in the western Indian Ocean, but also the status of coastal states that have a very small or non-existent national fleet fishing tuna in national waters and or the high seas.

As it was the first meeting of the SWIOFC, it seemed country representatives were a bit uneasy to have NGOs observing their working session. However, we were able to express our views and recommendations to the working party and hopefully from now we will be able to work hand in hand in order to have an appropriate quota allocation system and improve the management of tuna in the WIO.

Group photo of the SWIOFC participants

Group photo of the SWIOFC participants

 

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As Blue Ventures' resident environmental lawyer, Mialy is responsible for advising colleagues, partner organisations and communities on matters relating to environmental law and policy. Her work with Blue Ventures covers a range of disciplines including; fisheries, carbon finance, endangered species and environmental management. After studying public law at the University of Antananarivo, Mialy received her Masters in Environmental Law and Climate Change from Pace Law School New York. Before joining Blue Ventures, Mialy advised the Mission of the Comoros to the United Nations regarding the adoption of international treaties. She has also worked as an environmental law consultant on cases crossing a broad range of environmental management-related issues, including; environmental justice, community-based management and fisheries. Fascinated by the role of advocacy in environmental management and sustainable development, Mialy is motivated by an ambition to improve Madagascar's environmental law and assist civil society organisations in understanding the Malagasy legal framework. "Blue Ventures has huge potential to change things for the better in Madagascar. Having visited communities that Blue Ventures is working with, I've been able to see how conservation has changed the future for coastal communities for the better. BV's integration of local communities in all its programs serves as a valuable model from which other conservation groups and NGOs can learn, in Madagascar and beyond. For me, Blue Ventures is the pillar Madagascar needs, to strengthen its capacity for marine conservation and environmental governance".
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About Mialy Andriamahefazafy

As Blue Ventures' resident environmental lawyer, Mialy is responsible for advising colleagues, partner organisations and communities on matters relating to environmental law and policy. Her work with Blue Ventures covers a range of disciplines including; fisheries, carbon finance, endangered species and environmental management. After studying public law at the University of Antananarivo, Mialy received her Masters in Environmental Law and Climate Change from Pace Law School New York. Before joining Blue Ventures, Mialy advised the Mission of the Comoros to the United Nations regarding the adoption of international treaties. She has also worked as an environmental law consultant on cases crossing a broad range of environmental management-related issues, including; environmental justice, community-based management and fisheries. Fascinated by the role of advocacy in environmental management and sustainable development, Mialy is motivated by an ambition to improve Madagascar's environmental law and assist civil society organisations in understanding the Malagasy legal framework. "Blue Ventures has huge potential to change things for the better in Madagascar. Having visited communities that Blue Ventures is working with, I've been able to see how conservation has changed the future for coastal communities for the better. BV's integration of local communities in all its programs serves as a valuable model from which other conservation groups and NGOs can learn, in Madagascar and beyond. For me, Blue Ventures is the pillar Madagascar needs, to strengthen its capacity for marine conservation and environmental governance".